Skip to main content

APEX : How to emphasis Required Fields...


In APEX there is no property to mark a field as a required field (at this moment, could be an enhancement request!). However you can mark the prompt of a field by using the 'Required' template - with or without help. So why not use the APEX Repository to enhance the look-and-feel of your application and show the user which fields are required? And of course we use jQuery to accomplish this.

This is how you do it:
Create an On Demand Application Process (lets call it getRequiredItems) and fire it onLoad - After Header:

DECLARE
CURSOR c_items IS
SELECT item_name
FROM apex_application_page_items
WHERE item_label_template LIKE 'Required%'
AND page_id = :APP_PAGE_ID;

item_list varchar2(32000) := '';
item_sep varchar2(1) := '~';

BEGIN
FOR r_item IN c_items LOOP
item_list := item_list||r_item.item_name||item_sep;
END LOOP;
-- P0_REQUIRED_ITEMS is an hidden item on Page 0
:P0_REQUIRED_ITEMS := substr( item_list, 1, length( item_list ) -1);
END;
This process returns the items with a 'Required'-prompt for the current page in one long string, separated with a ~.

In Page 0, create a Javascript function that adds a class ('RequiredField') to the fields in the P0_REQUIRED_ITEMS string filled by the Application Process and (optional) adds an onblur event that calls a function (checkRequiredField) using

function setRequiredItems(){
var colArray = $v("P0_REQUIRED_ITEMS").split("~");
for(i = 0; i < colArray.length; i++){
$('#'+colArray[i]).addClass("RequiredField").attr("onblur",'checkRequiredField(this)');
}
}
Now you can create an entry in your CSS file to give the required field a nice color (or whatever else you want).
Next create the Javascript function to check if a required field is empty or not. If the field is empty, the user cannot navigate out of the field, unless he puts in a value.

function checkRequiredField(pThis){
if (!(pThis.value)){
alert('Field must be entered');
setTimeout(function(){pThis.focus();}, 5);
}
}

Now add this Javascript function to the jQuery document.ready function:

$(function(){
setRequiredItems();
});

And the result is something like the picture on the top of this post. A live example is available on apex.oracle.com.
11 comments

Popular posts from this blog

Showing a success message after closing a modal dialog

APEX 5 comes with Modal Dialogs out of the box. Very neat. Especially for adding and changing data. And to minimise the number of time a user has to click, it could be useful to add a "Close Dialog" process after the actual data processing. When the data processing fails, the Dialog stays on top showing the error. When data processing runs fine, the Dialog is closed ... without any confirmation. And this might be scary for a shaky user.

So how can we provide the user some feedback? On Page 4 of the Sample Dialog Application you can see one solution: up on a Dialog Closed Event on the parent page it does a redirect to refresh the parent page appending the success message of the "Close Dialog" process. This has two drawbacks. First, it probably refreshes more than necessary. And second, if you're using multiple layers of dialogs (dialogs that open other dialogs) the message appears in the "parent dialog".
As an alternative you could follow these steps: 1…

It's happening again ... running for the ODTUG Board of Directors 😉

For the third time in a row I'll be running for ODTUG's Board of Directors. But after ending as a runner up twice, I am sure I'm going to make it this time! But not without your help!

My campaign statement this year is:
I have been attending and presenting at Kscope conferences since 2007. This not only resulted in a vast amount of knowledge, but also - and even more important - a huge number of friends from all over the globe.  I want to see ODTUG grow and spread this community feeling even more! 
My experience as an attendee, presenter and content lead has provided the basic foundation to be a director. Next to that, my personality and (global) network will be beneficial to the whole board and organization. 
Since March I have served on the Board of Directors in a limited term for a Director who stepped down due to a career change. This has allowed me to have unique insight of all the things that are going on in and around the ODTUG organization. As the train was already ro…

APEX 5 New Static File Features

In APEX 4 you could upload files - like CSS files, JavaScript files, Images and whatever else you like - into the APEX Repository. When you navigate to Shared Components, there is a Files section that offers three different options:
CSS Files are always uploaded (and changed !) for the whole Workspace. For Images and Static Files (usually JavaScript) you could choose whether they should be available for the whole Workspace or for a specific Application only. And if you had a lot of files - e.g. a lot of images - then you had to go through the upload process one-by-one. But that's usually a one time only thing. If you make changes to the CSS and JavaScript files - and that's a continuous process in development - then you had to delete the existing file and upload the new one. Over and over again. And meanwhile fighting the cache of the webserver and your browser.  And another irritating issue: You couldn't use relative references in your CSS or JavaScript files as they just…