Skip to main content

OOW2012 - PL/SQL Enhancements in Oracle 12c

So what's planned for the upcoming 12c database regarding PL/SQL? What follows is a list of what are presented as the most important changes...

Improved PL/SQL - SQL interoperability
  • You don't need to specify the type at the schema level when you want to use it SQL, specification at the package level is sufficient and you can bind it to SQL directly;
  • Get the performance of SQL with the clarity and reusability of PL/SQL by adding a pragma UDF to a schema level PL/SQL function - almost as fast as pure SQL;
  • You can declare a PL/SQL function in the WITH clause of a subquery: with function x(param) <body> end x; select x(p) from t;
  • Using the "with" construct is 3.8x faster than using an old fashioned PL/SQL function, function with pragma is 3.9x faster, pure SQL is 5x faster.
A new security capability
  • Grant access to a PL/SQL unit by granting a role to a PL/SQL unit, where the role contains the required rights for accessing the tables - so a function can only select, update etc from a table where it has been granted access to.

Improved programmers usability
  • New package UTL_CALL_STACK for better display of errors (with functions like dynamic_depth(), unit_line(), subprogram(), concatenate_subprogram(), owner(), current_edition(), lexical_depth());
  • You can whitelist units that can reference a particular unit to prevent unwanted calls: add "accessible by (proc1, proc2)" to the unit definition.

2 comments

Popular posts from this blog

Refresh selected row(s) in an Interactive Grid

In my previous post I blogged about pushing changed rows from the dabatase into an Interactive Grid. The use case I'll cover right here is probably more common - and therefore more useful!

Until we had the IG, we showed the data in a report (Interactive or Classic). Changes to the data where made by popping up a form page, making changes, saving and refreshing the report upon closing the dialog. Or by clicking an icon / button / link in your report that makes some changes to the data (like changing a status) and ... refresh the report.  That all works fine, but the downsides are: The whole dataset is returned from the server to the client - again and again. And if your pagination size is large, that does lead to more and more network traffic, more interpretation by the browser and more waiting time for the end user.The "current record" might be out of focus after the refresh, especially by larger pagination sizes, as the first rows will be shown. Or (even worse) while you…

Push changed rows to an Interactive Grid

For pushing changes from the database to the end user, the regular solution is using websockets. A change in a record is detected - using a trigger or using the CQN (Change Query Notification) feature - and a notification is send to a websocket server. That websocket server broadcasts the notification over a channel to all browsers that are tuned in to that websocket channel. Then the browser reacts to that notification, usually showing an alert or refreshing a report. This trick is described on multiple sites, just Google for "oracle apex websockets" or similar.

So back in the old days, we used that notification in the browser to refresh the (interactive) report. But along comes the Interactive Grid (IG). While he full-refresh mechanism still works for IG, an IG has also the option to refresh just one row.  So wouldn't it be awesome that just the changed row(s) get refreshed upon a change in the database, instead of the whole report? Can we do it ... yes we can!
First i…

Dockerize your APEX development environment

Nowadays Docker is everywhere. It is one of the main components of Continuous Integration / Continuous Development environments. That alone indicates Docker has to be seen more as a Software Delivery Platform than as a replacement of a virtual machine.

However ...

If you are running an Oracle database using Docker on your local machine to develop some APEX application, you will probably not move that container is a whole to test and production environments. Because in that case you would not only deliver a new APEX application to the production environment - which is a good thing - but also overwrite the data in production with the data from your development environment. And that won't make your users very excited.
So in this set up you will be using Docker as a replacement of a Virtual Machine and not as a Delivery Platform.
And that's exactly the way Martin is using it as he described in this recent blog post. It is an ideal way to get up and running with an Oracle database …